Among India's ancient architectural remains, the most characteristic structures are the temples, Chaityas, Viharas, Stupas and other religious structures. In ancient India, temple architecture of high standard developed in almost all regions. The distinct architectural style of temple construction in different parts was a result of geographical, climatic, ethnic, racial, historical and linguistic diversities.
Here are some of the famous Architectures of India:
1. Konark Sun Temple
Great poet Rabindranath Tagore wrote of Konark, "Here the language of stone surpasses the language of Man."
2. Hidimba Devi Temple
The Hidimba Devi Temple has intricately carved wooden doors and a 24 meter tall wooden "Shikhar" or tower above the sanctuary. The tower consists of three square roofs covered with timber tiles and a fourth brass cone-shaped roof at the top. The earth goddess Durga forms the theme of the main door carvings.The temple base is made out of whitewashed, mud-covered stonework.
3. Ajanta Caves
The caves form the largest corpus of early Indian wall-painting; other survivals from the area of modern India are very few, though they are related to 5th-century paintings at Sigiriya in Sri Lanka. The elaborate architectural carving in many caves are also very rare, and the style of the many figure sculptures is highly local, found only at a few nearby contemporary sites, although the Ajanta tradition can be related to the later Hindu Ellora Caves and other sites.
4. The Great Stupa
5. Nataraja Temple
The outer prakaram will be open to the sky except the innermost one. The innermost one will house the main deity as well as other deities. There will be a massive wooden or stone flag post exactly in line with the main deity. The innermost prakaram houses the sanctum sanctorum.The 9 gateways signify the 9 orifices in the human body.The hall next to the artha mantapa has eighteen pillars symbolizing the eighteen Puranas.
Written by Lavika Agarwal
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